“Floaters,” “cobwebs,” or “flies” are the most common symptoms of vitreous degeneration in the eye. The vitreous or vitreous body is a gelatinous substance that fills the eyeball. Over time, it loses its fluidity, or to put it simply, it dries out, and its irregularities are seen as floaters, spots, or cobwebs. This is a natural degenerative process, which mostly occurs in older individuals, but in young people with myopia, it can appear much earlier. It does not require any treatment, just regular patient monitoring. In some cases, if this particularly bothers patients, a deep operation to remove the vitreous, called vitrectomy, can be performed.
It is important to note that although this is a normal process in the eye, regular monitoring of patients with changes in the vitreous is necessary, as it is possible that as the vitreous shrinks and detaches from the retina, a rupture may occur, which can lead to retinal detachment. Symptoms indicating this type of damage are, in addition to usual floaters or cobwebs in front of the eyes, a sudden increase in their number, flashes with closed eyes or at dusk, or a curtain covering the field of vision. In such cases, it is imperative to see an ophthalmologist immediately who, if a rupture exists, will perform outpatient laser treatment, or in the worst case of retinal detachment, will plan an urgent surgical procedure.